The Second Sunday After Epiphany January 16, 2011
134(1-4), 298, 301, 134(5)
Hymns from The Lutheran Hymnal (1941) unless otherwise noted
“May the God of all grace, who called us to His eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after you have suffered a while, perfect, establish, strengthen, and settle you.” Amen. (1 Peter 5:10)
Dear fellow Christians, bond-servants of God in Heaven:
There is little doubt that you know the date of your birth. Do you also know the date of your re-birth? More than just knowing the date, which do you value more highly, your birth or your rebirth (baptism)? On your birth day you entered the world as a sinner, condemned by God for the sins with which you were born. On the day of your baptism you were reborn of water and of the Spirit. You were born not into the kingdom of men, but into the kingdom of God. In that sense your baptism is of much greater value and much more important than your birth. While it is not critical to know the exact date of your baptism, surely the event itself is and ought to be vitally important and comforting to every Christian.
Today, we focus on baptism in general but especially in light of the baptism of our Lord Jesus. Here we find ourselves a bit confused for although our sins were washed away in the waters of baptism, Jesus had no sin. Nor should we think of baptism as some sort of legal requirement Jesus had to fulfill before He could call Himself perfect and holy. What then are we to learn from Jesus’ baptism? What does it teach us? What does it reveal to us about Jesus? About us? These questions and others we seek to answer as we study the text found recorded in the Gospel account of Luke, the third chapter:
Now as the people were in expectation, and all reasoned in their hearts about John, whether he was the Christ or not, John answered, saying to all, “I indeed baptize you with water; but One mightier than I is coming, whose sandal strap I am not worthy to loose. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire. His winnowing fan is in His hand, and He will thoroughly clean out His threshing floor, and gather the wheat into His barn; but the chaff He will burn with unquenchable fire.”
…When all the people were baptized, it came to pass that Jesus also was baptized; and while He prayed, the heaven was opened. And the Holy Spirit descended in bodily form like a dove upon Him, and a voice came from heaven which said, “You are My beloved Son; in You I am well pleased.”
So far the very words of our God. What comfort is inspired by the knowledge that these words are true and right in every regard, and are, therefore, worthy of our intense study and meditation. That we might gain the full benefit of these words we pray: “Sanctify us through Your truth, O Lord. Your Word is truth!” Amen.
As in any epic struggle, just when you think that one side has gained an insurmountable advantage—some edge that will surely guarantee success—the other side counters with some valiant effort or unforeseen strategy, and the struggle continues. Such was the case in the ultimate struggle between God and Satan over the souls of men. When God established baptism, first with John the Baptist and later with all of the New Testament disciples, He gave a most formidable weapon to the Church. How simple and yet how powerfully complex was this rare gift to mankind. With the Word of God attached to simple water great things could be accomplished—spectacular, supernatural wonders. Souls could be rescued from the kingdom of the Devil and placed instead on the shining path of life eternal. When God gave such a simple and powerful weapon to mankind, the depths of Hell itself must have been shaken by the raw power and potency of this simple sacrament. Surely baptism, powered by the Word of God, would act as a terrible scythe that would decimate the ranks of Satan’s kingdom.
How then is it possible that such a powerful, life-changing tool has been tossed on the scrap heap of outdated religious relics by our modern society? We ought not be surprised. If we have learned anything at all, it is that the Devil will spare no effort in this truly epic confrontation. We should have known that he would hurl himself against this great weapon, this humble miracle of baptism, with all of his considerable fury, wrath, and cunning; and hurl himself he did. What is more, his success has been nothing short of amazing.
Where God intended the sacrament to be a pure and powerful working of the Gospel, Satan has succeeded in convincing those both inside and outside of the Christian Church of everything but the truth. Countless millions now regard baptism as a meritorious work that man does to earn a spiritual benefit. Others believe that it is just another obligation or law that man must fulfill before he can be considered worthy of Heaven. These are just the attacks from within the Church. The world condescendingly dismisses Christian baptism altogether as quaint mythology for the simple-minded—a cute little custom with all the charm and power of four leaf clovers and dream catchers.
Baptism, as God Himself describes it in his Holy Word, is “the washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy Spirit” (Titus 3:5). Because of the Word of God connected to the simple water, Baptism represents a power beyond the comprehension of mortal man. Its very simplicity, however, belies its great effectiveness. This too ought not surprise us. Remember how Naaman nearly rejected the cure offered by Elisha the prophet because of its very simplicity? “Go and wash seven times in the Jordan River,” Elisha told him, “and you will be cleansed.” Great Naaman turned away in contempt, offended by the simplicity of the cure. Only his good and faithful servants saved him from his own folly (cf. 2 Kings 5:1ff).
So it is with man and the Gospel which certainly is part of the Devil’s strategy. If he can convince mankind that the true Gospel is too childish to actually work, he will have succeeded in persuading man to slam shut the only door to paradise.
The fact is both the Gospel in general and baptism in particular are that simple. God Himself is complex beyond our comprehension or imagination, but not so with the plan He set down for our salvation. That plan is absolutely straightforward. Though we rebelled against our God by sinning, He sent His only Son to pay our spiritual debt—our sin debt. Jesus Christ, the Son of God, paid our debt by first becoming man, being born of the virgin, Mary, then living a perfectly sinless life, and then by offering that life as a blood sacrifice on the cross of Calvary. God the Father accepted that gift as payment in full for all sins, and He credits that payment to each of us. The credit becomes our own personally the moment the Holy Spirit works saving faith in our hearts—believing that Jesus has indeed paid for your sins and that forgiveness and salvation are yours, fully and completely.
This is where baptism comes into the picture. How does the Holy Spirit create such faith? For the most part that remains a mystery to our frail human intellects. It is enough for us to know that He does, in fact, create such faith. Many of the “inner workings” of the Holy Spirit’s work may be beyond our understanding, but what we do know is that He has chosen to work faith in our hearts through “means.” That is, He did not choose to work directly, but through the divinely inspired words of the Bible. “Faith comes by hearing,” we read, “and hearing by the Word of God” (Romans 10:17). The NIV translation is a bit clearer here: “Consequently, faith comes from hearing the message, and the message is heard through the word of Christ.” (NIV). In other words, faith comes not directly from Heaven, but by hearing the message of the Gospel—the message that is contained in the words of Christ Jesus as recorded in the Bible.
Baptism, then, is a simple tool that God gave us for the application of His powerful Word. As Luther put it, “Without the Word of God you have simple water only—no baptism. With the Word of God, it is baptism; that is, a gracious water of life and renewing of the Holy Spirit” (The Small Catechism). Baptism then is a means whereby even the smallest infant can experience the application of the Word of Grace—the very power that can and does bring a dead soul to saving faith. Again, just how exactly the Holy Spirit accomplishes this great miracle is a mystery. We need to bear in mind, however, that it is God the Holy Spirit who works this miracle in our hearts, not the human being in which the miracle is performed. Many are confused as to how an infant can come to faith. The misunderstanding actually lies not in baptism, but in faith itself. Man naturally credits himself with coming to faith, imagining that it is some sort of rational acceptance of facts—something therefore beyond the ability of an infant. The miracle of faith, however, is accomplished by the Holy Spirit working through the Word in the heart of man. Sinful man is the recipient of this miraculous gift, not the source or worker of the miracle.
Now, other than the fact that our text mentions baptism, what does all of this have to do with the main message of our text—the Baptism of Jesus? Interestingly enough, this brief study of baptism raises questions concerning our text before it then goes on to answer those same questions. How so?
If we regard baptism as a means whereby the Holy Spirit creates saving faith in the heart of man, why was Jesus baptized? Didn’t He already believe? Next question, if we now rightly regard baptism as the tool designed to carry sinners from death to life, why again was Jesus baptized? He had no sin. If, finally, we now rightly regard baptism as a gracious invitation on the part of our God to participate, through faith, in His kingdom of Grace rather than a command that has to be fulfilled or obeyed by man, then again, why was Jesus baptized?
As we said, a study of our text both raises these questions and then answers them. Jesus’ baptism wasn’t His attempt to fulfill a law, it was first an anointing, second an association, and third a beginning.
Jesus’ baptism was, first, an anointing. In Bible times prophets, priests, and kings were anointed. The anointing was a divinely commanded rite or ceremony demonstrating that God had made his choice for a given office. Jesus actually serves us in all three capacities—prophet, priest, and king. His baptism was His anointing—it was God the Father’s verification that Jesus was, in fact, the promised one, the Christ. (Remember, the name Christ means, “the Anointed One.”) So it was that God added both the visible and audible proof at the time of Jesus’ anointing in baptism. God the Father made clear just who Jesus was when he said, “You are My beloved Son; in You I am well pleased.” [v.22] God as if with a great finger from Heaven pointed to His Son and declared: “You are the One promised of old. You are the Christ, the Anointed One!”
Jesus’ baptism also served as an association—a statement by Jesus of His connection to all human beings. In Galatians 4:4-5 we read, “But when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the law, to redeem those who were under the law, that we might receive the adoption as sons.” It is a great and humbling mystery that Jesus, Himself God from all eternity, made Himself one of us. He left heaven to come and literally stand by our side. He came to do for us what we could not, would not, do for ourselves. In submitting to baptism—a thing that surprised even John—Jesus was demonstrating a oneness with us. The One who had no sin had come to stand by our side and to take our sin upon Himself.
Finally, Jesus’ baptism represented not only an anointing and an association, it was a beginning—the beginning of His public ministry. God Himself chose 30 years of age as the point at which His servants officially began their ministries (cf. Numbers 4). Jesus was thirty years old when He was baptized and this event clearly marks the beginning of His public ministry—a ministry that would last only three short years and seemingly end with His shameful execution as a common criminal outside of Jerusalem.
In His baptism, Jesus “fulfilled all righteousness” (Matthew 3:15)—just as He had also been circumcised and ceremonially cleansed earlier in his life. In short, Jesus fulfilled every single aspect of life that pleased God the Father, and He did so for you and me as our Savior and substitute.
In all of this, once again, Jesus alone is magnified, and Jesus alone deserves to be glorified by all mankind. If not for Jesus we would all be eternally damned—every single one of us. We would be doomed to a hopeless, raging agony for all eternity. We had greatly displeased our God in Heaven, but Jesus regained the Father’s love for us through His perfect obedience. The Father gave evidence of this in our text when He said “You are My beloved Son; in You I am well pleased.” [v.22]
Indeed, God was so “well pleased” with Jesus that He has declared each one of us to be innocent of sin because of Him. He was so “well pleased” that He, for Jesus’ sake, has invited each of us to share Heaven with him. He was so well pleased that He now calls us “His children”—brothers with Jesus and fellow heirs of eternal Paradise.
Thanks be to Jesus for doing all things well and for securing for each of us a share in His Heaven. Amen.
Ministry by Mail is a weekly publication of the Church of the Lutheran Confession. Subscription and staff information may be found online at www.clclutheran.org/ministrybymail.
All scripture quotations, unless otherwise indicated, are taken from the New King James Version®. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.
Scripture quotations marked (NIV) are taken from the HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®. NIV®. Copyright© 1973, 1978, 1984 by International Bible Society. Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved.